Island conservation practitioners identify barriers to effective management |24 November 2021
Interviews with 32 island conservation practitioners have revealed a raft of barriers operating across management levels, which interfere with their ability to achieve local and national conservation objectives in the Western Indian Ocean. The most common cause of barriers were limited capacity, limited resources and a lack of government coordination.
These barriers hinder the ability of countries to meet national targets and contribute to global biodiversity targets.
The specific barriers and their causes are published today in Conservation Science and Practice in the first in-depth case study on the barriers to more effective management of island ecosystems from a practitioner’s perspective.
Islands are biodiversity hotspots yet, paradoxically, are also extinction hotspots. The impacts of invasive alien species, habitat loss and climate change are compounded in small island developing states, which are highly dependent on biodiversity for their economic and social wellbeing. The failure to meet global biodiversity targets clearly indicates the need for more effective biodiversity management and conservation efforts, and this in turn requires better understanding of the current barriers to success.
Lead author of the study, April Burt (of the University of Oxford, and working with the Seychelles Islands Foundation) said: “By defining these barriers through systematic research, they can be brought forward for discussion between practitioners across management levels.”
One practitioner described the “fragmentation of efforts”, whereby practitioners have “no idea what is happening on other islands”, and are “all doing the same thing, in slightly different ways but not sharing lessons learned”.
April Burt said: “This lack of connection and collaboration makes it difficult to track and synthesise conservation management outcomes, compile national data, identify successful (and unsuccessful) actions and ultimately to maximise resource use and effective management.”
One of the most surprising findings was the prevalence in which practitioners had encountered egos and interpersonal conflict within senior management as a major barrier. One practitioner described how “Historic ‘egos’ govern organisations from a top-down approach”.
Although the study focuses on the main barriers, it also highlights potential solutions. April Burt says: “It is important to recognise that, despite the barriers outlined in this study, there is a huge amount of crucial and successful conservation work being carried out by the region’s practitioners. Many of these have already recognised certain barriers and are proactively dealing with them; for example, by creating data management positions or by developing collaborations with research institutes to facilitate data analysis.”
One example provided was of an NGO who coordinates annual meetings for focus groups on seabirds and one of the long-term endemic land bird species recovery programmes, despite no longer receiving project funds to do this.
Finally, April Burt says: “Finding meaningful solutions relies on us being honest, realistic and self-critical, but implementing them will require national level investment. Only by doing so can we increase the effectiveness of our management across local and national levels and maximise our chances of achieving global biodiversity targets.”
The paper is open access and can be accessed here: https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/csp2.587